Monday, October 10, 2016

AP FACT CHECK: Trump wrong on Clinton tax claim

This article starts strong, with the pounding arguments from Trump and Clinton in order to compare their claims on tax policy.
"She is raising your taxes, and I am lowering your taxes. ...She's raising everybody's taxes massively" -Donald Trump
"He would end up raising taxes on middle-class families" -Hillary Clinton
So when analyzing the facts, the argument is that Clinton is not raising taxes on everyone, but instead just the 5% of wealthiest Americans. However, Trump continues to argue that she is going to affect everyone massively. But what would help stimulate the economy is Trump's proposal for businesses to receive tax cuts, even if he is raising middle-class family taxes. But I wonder just how much lowering tax cuts on businesses would help the economy with his other plans. If Trump's plan eliminates the personal exemption as the article explains, which currently allows households to reduce their taxable income by $4,050 for each member of the household, including their children, then it seems people will have less money to put back into the economy overall. I'm not sure what is best, but they both seem to be raising taxes regardless.

Education Comparison NV vs. NY

 The tables below show comparisons in Nevada as well as New York for spending in percentages in FY 2010 while taking a closer look at spending on education. The first pie chart shows spending at state level for Nevada health care is highest at 21% with education at 17%. The second chart observes local spending, and there is a sharp decrease in health care spending to 6%, and an increase in education to 28%.
Then when looking at New York is FY 2010 health care at state level is much higher than Nevada’s at 37%, however education is 7% than Nevada. Next, New York’s when observing local spending in comparison to Nevada, the highest percent in spending is also education at 34%.
Now what is interesting is comparing where the revenue comes from for Nevada and New York for education. It shows that at local level New York spends more local revenue than almost all other states which explains why health care takes a hit in comparison to their state spending where health care is much higher. Then Nevada is the opposite, where their state revenue is much higher and as a result they rely more on state revenue for education. Although these do not take into account high or low income states, it is interesting to see the comparison in the US Cenus per-pupil spending where New York is almost at $18,000 per-pupil spending, and Nevada is significantly lower at only half the spending, $9,000. The per-pupil spending shows that Nevada students receive about the average of around $10,000. It would be intersting to then compare test scores to see if such a jump makes a significant difference in a child’s education.

Friday, September 23, 2016

Chohnny's Public Finance and Fiscal Management Blog 2016 - Article #2

China's parliament proposes new environmental tax benefits: State Media

For years China has been discussing new tax laws to reduce emissions from heavy industry. Now their parliament has proposed increasing tax benefits for companies that cut pollution by more than the national standard. I think this is a great way to encourage companies to reduce emissions and that it could be very effective. Rather than punishing companies and getting a lot of negative attention and feedback, this is an incentive that they can get behind. If it is passed, the companies would have to reduce emissions to at least half of the national requirement, and would then only pay half the taxes levied for air, water and soil pollution. However companies in the agriculture and transport sectors are excluded from the tax law because they are much smaller polluters than industrial companies such as steel, oil and coal. But I think they should be included in some way, to help encourage more environmentally conscious behaviors on their part as well. But this is a step in the right direction overall and I think people will react more positively to it.

Tuesday, September 13, 2016

Chohnny's Public Finance and Fiscal Management Blog 2016 - Article #1

With More People Hitting the Road, It’s Time for a Carbon Tax

This article shows that despite efforts being made to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, Americans are now burning record amounts of gasoline. The efforts that have been made to encourage a more sustainable and environmentally conscious nation are backfiring in some ways. The article states, "...higher fuel efficiency might also encourage some people to drive more than they would have otherwise, because their gas bills are lower." This shows that by improving technology and making cars more efficient people actually may be driving more. Therefore, the next step would be to enforce a carbon tax to ensure people are more conscious about both big and small actions that can help to reduce emissions overall. Although the Obama administration has worked towards this, it seems as though a carbon tax is out of reach for the time being, as it is talked about frequently but there are no actions by Congress to back it up. 

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Moyra Davey

            In Moyra Davey’s article she is very passionate about the value of an image however unplanned and informal it may be. Davey had been thinking of this concept for a while and kept her ideas on her computer, she goes on to say, “All of the quotes hover around the idea that accident is the lifeblood of photography.” Accidents in all forms of art are what make up something new and unexpected that everyone can appreciate in a new way.

            The article explains many different forms of art in which there are similarities that all have in common. One example is that writer’s block is not just for the writer, but for all art forms. Similarly, all art forms are to be appreciated for their little and accidental imperfections that may not originally be wanted. Without these little details, the images seem to lose their originality. With images and writing alike, Davey explains that one must let it carry itself away, accidents and all.

            I really enjoyed Davey’s perspective. The accidental image and letting ideas flow into directions not originally thought of by the artist makes them more beautiful. The unique mistakes are what make an individual’s work go to another level and beyond the norms of the art world.

Maria Lind

            In Maria Lind’s article, she discusses her experience curating as well as the idea of social practice in the art world. Lind places a great deal of importance on social practice, not just for the sake of the overall art world but also for the audience involved in it. Although the idea of social practice has not fully evolved in the art world, Lind expresses that this is where art should head in the direction of.

            The works Lind discuss were created in order to raise awareness of an issue through social experiences and bringing people together. An example of this is the website created called, by artists Ralf Homann, Farida Heuck, and Manuela Unverdorben. These artists created the website in hopes of giving a better portrayal of immigrants. Although I question that this is an art movement, and not just a general idea in helping people and improving people’s perceptions, I do see how it does take a sense of art to successfully create this. Lind sees this as a unique and creative idea which is very obviously agreeable.

            Lind explains that the ‘minors,’ those who are not consumed but the art world such as the ‘majors,’ are the future of the art world and social practice. Sooner or later both the general art world and museums will expand their reach to social practice. They will see the value in the ideas of the ‘minors.’

Hito Steyerl

In Defense of the Poor Image

            Hito Steyerl’s article explained that there is value in all forms of media to some degree. At some point however, all images no matter what the media are obsolete. Whether it is time, technology, or the over use of an image, all images seem to inevitably die at some point. Steyerl argues that all images are worthy of respect no matter the quality, however I disagree.

            Once resolution is lost and overall quality I personally do not enjoy nor do I respect the image. Every image to me has an expiration date, after being edited and losing the quality it once had, there is no point to argue that the image has any sense of life to it. Progression is important in many aspects. Although Steyerl has a valid point that all art deserves some respect, at some point it is time to admit that it is out dated and time to move on and progress in the art world. The internet and social media does make society used to this wide array in quality of art, so a lot of it is valued now in the same way. However, just because people mindlessly view the internet and social media without thinking about the quality, it does not mean that there is no difference. The difference will be clear with the years to come.

            Steyerl makes a very interesting point that all images are to be respected, which I agree with in that all art should be respected. Then again, that does not mean that the image should still be used. It should be put to rest at some point, and make way for progression in the overall art world.